Rohypnol was first invented by the pharmaceutical company Hoffman- La Roche in 1963 to treat insomnia and anxiety. In 1975 it was released in the profitable market in Europe and sold to other nation in the 1980's.

History and Legality

      After going out on the market as a high sedative for pre-operation needs, anxiety, and insomnia, in the 1990's it became well known as the 'date rape' drug. It was discovered that people would use it as an easy assist to sexually assault someone by simply putting it in their drink or slipping it to them some other way. This would put them in a deep sleep, cause them t o black out, or force them into feeling loss of memory.
       In October of 1996, the Drug-Induced Rape Prevention and Punishment Act was passed. 

"The bill provides new penalties of up to 20 years imprisonment and fines in accordance with Title 18, U.S.C., for persons who intend to commit a crime of violence (including rape), by distributing a controlled substance to another individual without that individual's knowledge." (Sexual Assault Services)
Specifically those actions done with Rohypnol, include up to 20 years in prison for people who knowingly or unknowingly manufacture, distribute or dispense 1 gram of Rohypnol. For 30 mg the prison sentence can be up to 5 years. Possession of the drug is penalized by up to 3 years in prison and a fine. 

In Latin America and European countries it is prescribed for insomnia and a pre-operational sedation. Its legal in 60 countries currently, although illegal in U.S